Japan Health System Review

The health system review of Japan notes numerous health-care success since the foundation of Universal Health Insurance System in 1961. However, ageing population with low-fertility rates, stagnating economy, increasing burden of NCDs and growing use of expensive technologies pose the challenges in service delivery and financial stability in health. Japan HiT reports current health system reforms undertaken and also recent debate on paradigm shift to the new system as proposed in Japan Vision: Health Care 2035.
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Improving the quality of care in the public health system in Bangladesh: building on new evidence and current policy levers

New APO HiT Policy Note on "Improving the quality of care in the public health system in Bangladesh" reviews the current policy framework on improving quality of care in the country and provides recommendations and potential policy opportunities in the evolving landscape of health policy in Bangladesh.
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The Kingdom of Bhutan Health System Review

The first health system review of Bhutan highlights having evolved and remarkably grown public financed and managed health system in Bhutan in the past five and a half decades despite the difficult geographical terrain and dispersed population settlements. However, there are remaining and emerging epidemiological and health systems challenges including health financing and service delivery. The report concludes with the future prospects of how the country overcomes these challenges in line with achieving SDGs.
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What is APO?

The Asia Pacific Observatory on Health Systems and Policies (the APO) is a collaborative partnership of interested governments, international agencies, foundations, and researchers that promotes evidence-informed health system policy regionally and in all countries in the Asia Pacific region.

The APO:

  • Collaboratively identifies priority health system issues across the Asia Pacific region;
  • Develops and synthesizes relevant research to support and inform countries’ evidence-based policy development; and
  • Builds country and regional health systems research and evidence-informed policy capacity.

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