Zika virus: how to protect yourself

On 1 February 2016, WHO declared a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) following an outbreak of Zika virus and increase in the number of microcephaly cases among newborns in the Americas and Caribbean regions. Although there have been no reported cases of Zika virus in Bangladesh, cases have been confirmed among travellers from Indonesia, the Maldives and Thailand, in the South East Asia region. Zika virus is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito from the Aedes species, which is present in Bangladesh. This is the same mosquito that is responsible for dengue and chikungunya infections. There is no vaccine or treatment available for Zika virus at present and prevention is the most effective way to stop the spread of disease.