WHO Country Cooperation Strategy Bangladesh 2014–2017
The Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS) provides the strategic priorities and specific programmatic approaches for the collaborative work of the World Health Organization (WHO) with countries. To develop the Bangladesh CCS 2014–2017, a comprehensive process was undertaken that included a series of systematic information collection activities. These comprised in-depth interviews and group discussions, as well as consultative meetings and workshops with the government, United Nations and bilateral/multilateral agencies, academic institutions, professional bodies, civil society organizations and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). The consultation process underlined the contributions of WHO and lessons learnt in strengthening the health system and improving people’s health. Key elements considered in defining the strategic priorities were the nation’s development and health priorities vis-à-vis the WHO leadership priorities; achievements, challenges, opportunities of the health system; experience gained from previous CCSs; and the comparative advantage of WHO in the context of its ongoing reform.
Bangladesh has made remarkable progress in recent decades to improve the health status of its people. The infant and under-five mortality rates and maternal mortality ratio have decreased, the population growth rate has declined, and life expectancy at birth has increased. In addition, the country is on track to achieve the majority of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). To sustain these achievements and address challenges like high levels of neonatal mortality, emerging and re-emerging communicable diseases and a rising trend in noncommunicable diseases, the Government is guided by the Health, Population and Nutrition Sector Development Programme (HPNSDP) 2011–2016. The HPNSDP has two major components: providing equitable quality health services and strengthening the health system.
The Strategic Agenda of the CCS 2014–2017 is very much aligned with the HPNSDP and the Bangladesh United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) Action Plan 2012–2016. The five strategic priorities of the current CCS are described in the following boxes.