Establishment of national laboratory based surveillance of antibiotic resistance
Laboratory-based antimicrobial resistance (AMR) surveillance data helps to monitor susceptibility patterns of microorganisms to antimicrobial agents and reveals the antimicrobial resistance status. This can provide reliable data for utilization by policy-makers or health administrators to review and revise the recommendations for empirical treatment for community or hospital-acquired infection. It is clear that an efficient national surveillance system for AMR can play a critical role in improving the efficacy of health services and reduce mortality and morbidity due to infectious diseases. This document provides essential information on key elements of laboratory-based national surveillance programme for AMR and its utilization for prevention and containment of AMR.