Child and adolescent health and development

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Integrated approaches to prevent and manage pneumonia and diarrhoea for achievement of MDG 4

Report of south-east asia regional workshop

Publication details

Publication date: 2012

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Overview

In South Asia, 35% of children’s deaths each year are due to pneumonia and diarrhea. It is notable that the unmet need for treatment for pneumonia and diarrhoe remains the biggest gap. Current treatment levels are extremely low only 39% of children receive correct treatment for diarrhea and only 27% of children with suspected pneumonia receive an antibiotic. If we do not pay particular attention to this critical area, the targets of Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 4 will not be met.

Recently, WHO and UNICEF have developed Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia (GAPP). It provides a framework that includes addressing risk factors (protection) – providing vaccination (prevention) – and integrated case management (treatment) to children when they develop pneumonia or diarrhea. With the introduction of new vaccine additional opportunities are being made available.

To support the Implementation of coordinated actions for the control, prevention and treatment of pneumonia and diarrhea in children under five years of age, a workshop for the South-East Asia Region of WHO was organized in Dhaka, Bangladesh, 27-30 September 2011. For the workshop, WHO partnered with UNICEF, ministries of health (MOH) and other development partners.

The report presents the proceeding, technical discussion on key challenges and possible solutions, and recommendations of key actions for implementing coordinated approaches to accelerate progress the protection, prevention and treatment of pneumonia and diarrhea in children.