Child and adolescent health and development

Assessment of Microcephaly in context of Zika Virus

What is microcephaly?


Microcephaly is a birth defect where the head size of the baby is much smaller than other babies of the same age and sex. This is often accompanied by other anomalies such as intellectual disability in addition to higher risk for mortality/morbidity at birth and other physical (visual, hearing) and mental disabilities as the babies grow older. The severity of microcephaly itself ranges from mild to severe. Microcephaly is a rare birth defect which has gained a lot of importance due to suspected associations with Zika virus (ZIKV) infection during pregnancy.