Injury, Violence and Acute Trauma Care
Injuries and violence are a threat to health in every country of the world. Between them, they account for 9% of global mortality, which is more than five million deaths every year. Eight of the 15 leading causes of death for people between the ages of 15 and 29 years are injury-related. These include road traffic injuries, suicides, homicides, drowning, burns, war injuries, poisonings and falls.
Road traffic crashes accounted for 334,815 deaths in SEA Region during 2010. Rates of road traffic deaths are higher in middle-income countries in comparison to low-income countries. None of the countries have comprehensive legislation on five key risk factors for road traffic injury – speeding, drink driving, non -use of motorcycle helmets, seat-belts and child restraints. Most countries with some of the legislation showed suboptimal enforcement. Countries need to work towards increasing the adoption of comprehensive legislation relating to the key risk factors and implement stringent enforcement on them. Policies and implementation to separate vulnerable road users as a way to protect them, especially pedestrians and motorcyclists are urgently required.
Disability and Rehabilitation
Disability is the umbrella term for impairments, activity, limitations and participation restrictions, referring to the negative aspects of the interaction between an individual (with health condition) and that individual's contextual factors (environmental and personal factors). There are over 1 billion people with disabilities (PWD) in the world. This corresponds to about 15% of the world's population. South-East Asia Region has the scond highest prevalence rate of moderate disability (16%) and the third highest prevalence rate of sever disability (2.5%). Disability is more common among women, older people and children and adults who are poor.
Dr Patanjali Dev Nayar
Disability, Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation