It has been a decade since the devastating tsunami hit this region with a vengeance claiming lives of close to 200 000 people, displacing more than 2 million from their homes and destroying /damaging huge areas of the natural environment and human built structures along the coast of 10 countries in South-East Asia and five countries in East Africa.
The region has come a long way since the 2004 event in its preparedness and capacity building initiatives in the area of disaster risk reduction and emergency risk management by formulating guidelines and disseminating knowledge and skills to manage health emergencies during crisis situations and assisting in building disaster resilient structures.
Mt. Kelud Volcano Eruption, Kediri-Blitar-Malang District, East Java Province,13 February, 2014
A hazard zone has been declared within 10 km radius from the crater. As of 18 February, MoH has reported 6 deaths, 15 missing and 83,674 IDPs across 89 camps. Local government response has included mobilisation and deployment of evacuation team, mobilisation of health posts, mobile health teams and three field hospitals, distribution of masks to the affected population and a rapid response team to assess the needs of affected districts.
Flooding in Jakarta Province, Java island, Indonesia; 11 Jan.14
Heavy flooding (up to 300cm height) started on Saturday, 11 January 2014. As per MoH report of 14 January 2014, 4 deaths have been reported and 26,666 people have been internally displaced, located across 71 camps. Local Rapid Health Assessment team has been mobilised. MoH is conducting clean water and disease control measures. WHO Indonesia office is supporting MoH on emergency nutrition, water-sanitation and hygiene issues. International assistance is currently not requested.
One of the lessons learnt from emergencies or disasters in the South-East Asia Region is that information and knowledge management is a weak area. The Indian Ocean tsunami of 26 December 2004 was no exception . In any emergency, no matter how difficult, information needs to be collected, stored, and retrieved systematically for analysis. This should be done before, during and after any event. By having a disciplined structure and practice around these activities, we can be more effective in turning information into knowledge and knowledge into action. This is the main goal of this book. This book, in two volumes, serves as a reference textbook for the event itself as it happened in each country of study and provides a method for documenting emergencies in the larger discipline of emergency risk management in health.
- WHO South-East Asia Region Surge Training for Emergencies, 25-29 August 2014, New Delhi, India
- Regional Meeting on Disaster Management in the Health Sector, Bangkok, Thailand, 6-8 June 2012.
- Second South-East Asia Regional Health Emergency Fund (SEARHEF) Working Group Meeting, Delhi, India, 23-24 August 2012.
Emergency and Humanitarian Action
World Health Organization
Regional Office of South-East Asia
Tel: 91-11-23370804 Ext. 26444
Fax: 91-11-23378438 (Direct)