Surveillance and outbreak alert

Nipah Virus outbreak in Bangladesh

Possible contamination by bats in the clay pot collecting date palm sap

A new outbreak of Nipah virus has been reported in Bangladesh in 2013, with 24 cases and 21 deaths till 02 April 2013. Fourteen districts have been affected, namely, Gaibandha, Natore, Rajshahi, Naogaon, Rajbari, Pabna, Jhenaidah, Mymensingh, Nilphamari, Chittagong, Kurigram, Kustia, Magura, and Manikganj. The virus is believed to have been transmitted by the drinking of Nipah-contaminate raw date palm sap in all these cases. Human Nipah virus infection is an emerging zoonotic disease spread from fruit bats. In South-East Asia Region, the disease has been reported in Bangladesh and India.