Health situation and trend assessment


HIV prevalence (%) in adults 15~49 years

Target: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS

HIV prevalence among youths (15–24 years of age) and/or in adults (15–49 years of age) is the proportion reported to have HIV/AIDS. Since not all people living with HIV infection attend health facilities in some countries HIV prevalence is derived from pregnant women attending antenatal clinics, while in others, it is based on surveillance among people with high HIV risk behaviour (sexual or injecting drug use).

The main indicator proposed for monitoring progress towards achieving the international goals is HIV prevalence among young people aged 15–24 years. Although countries are moving towards collecting better data on young people, comparable data availability is still limited.

Situation in SEAR

As shown in the graph below, from the trend data available for nine SEA Region countries, four (India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Thailand) have already begun to reverse the rising trend of HIV prevalence and other four (Bangladesh, Maldives, Sri Land, and Bhutan) have halted the further spread and the prevalence is stabilized below 0.1%. The prevalence in Indonesia is somehow on rise.