Health situation and trend assessment

MDG 6: malaria

Malaria incidence

Target: Reduce the 1990 incidence rate by three quarters

Malaria incidence per 100 000 population at risk is generally reported as an aggregate figure. The high risk groups include migrant workers in mining, plantations and constructions, ethnic communities, forest related workers and settlers, and subsistence farmers. Although pregnant women and under five children are biologically vulnerable but adults are mostly affected. This is in contrast with Africa because of the low and sporadic transmission of the disease. The degree of exposure to malaria vectors and access to health services are influenced by occupation and gender. However, data are rarely categorized for reporting by age and sex.

Situation in SEAR

As shown in the bar graph and radar chart below, six SEAR countries have already achieved their 2015 targets of three quarters reduction in malaria incidence rates and three are on track to achieve their targets by 2015. The progress in one country (Myanmar) has been slow and to be able to achieve the 2015 target Myanmar has to make extra efforts to accelerate the process. The remaining one country (Maldives) is malaria free with no reported cases since 1984.