Health situation and trend assessment

MDG 6: tuberculosis

Tuberculosis prevalence

Target: 50% reduction from 1990 baseline

Detecting tuberculosis and curing it is one of the key interventions for addressing poverty and health inequity. Prevalence is a more sensitive marker of the changing burden of tuberculosis than its incidence (new cases), although data on trends in incidence are far more comprehensive and give the best overview of the impact of global tuberculosis control.

Situation in SEAR

As shown in the bar graph and radar chart below, three out of 11 SEA Region countries have already achieved their 2015 targets of this indicator and another one is on track. The progress in five countries (Bangladesh, Indonesia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand) has been slow. Although Sri Lanka and Thailand have comparatively low prevalence of TB in the Region and may be difficult for them to bring down further at the required rate, however, with the current rate of decline they are likely to be 66% and 24% respectively away in reaching their 2015 targets. These five countries have to make extra efforts to accelerate the process in order to be able to achieve their targets by 2015. The remaining two countries (DPR Korea and Timor-Leste) somehow seem to be having upward trends which at present are higher than their baseline values respectively.