HIV/AIDS in the South-East Asia Region
Progress towards MDG 6A, 2012
Dedicated efforts, initiatives and innovations within Member States of the WHO South-East Asia Region have paved the way to attain the MDG on HIV. While much has been accomplished, more needs to be done and done fast to achieve the millennium development goal on HIV.
Report of the Regional workshop on improving HIV treatment
The South-East Asia Region of the World Health Organization (WHO) has the second highest burden of HIV after the African Region. As of 2012, the Region had an estimated 3.4 million people living with HIV (PLHIV) of whom around 1.7 million were eligible for treatment according to the latest WHO criteria (a CD4 count of under 350). Of those eligible, 938 000 were reported to be on treatment giving coverage of 54.5%, which is less than the global average of 64% for low- and middle-income countries.
The South East Asia Region has achieved notable progress in access to HIV treatment, reduction in new infections and AIDS related deaths. 55% of those needing treatment are getting it. To reach the goal of eliminating new infections and AIDS related deaths we need to scale up HIV testing and counselling. HIV testing is gateway to reducing new infections and AIDS related deaths. Yet, less than half of those infected with the virus know their status in the Region. To scale up testing and treatment for HIV, we need to address stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV.
The HIV /AIDS epidemic shows signs of reversal globally and in South-East Asia . WHO and countries are now working towards zero new HIV infections, zero deaths from AIDS-related illnesses and zero discrimination against people living with HIV /AIDS. To achieve this goal, on World AIDS Day 2012, WHO emphasizes the need for all people to learn about their HIV status, and for greater effort to reach and support young people, men who have sex with men, sex workers, people who inject drugs, migrants and others who are most vulnerable to the disease.