Despite progress in terms of HIV prevention interventions and access to antiretroviral therapy in the Member States of the South-East Asia Region, significant challenges remain for sustainable HIV prevention and control programmes. Gains over the past three decades have been threatened by dwindling donor interests and resources. There is need for sustaining and accelerating the prevention and treatment efforts to achieve the goals and objectives that WHO and the Member States in our Region have agreed to when they endorsed the Regional Strategy on Health Sector Response to HIV in September 2011.
HIV/AIDS in the South-East Asia Region
Progress towards MDG 6A, 2012
Dedicated efforts, initiatives and innovations within Member States of the WHO South-East Asia Region have paved the way to attain the MDG on HIV. While much has been accomplished, more needs to be done and done fast to achieve the millennium development goal on HIV.
Report of the Regional workshop on improving HIV treatment
The South-East Asia Region of the World Health Organization (WHO) has the second highest burden of HIV after the African Region. As of 2012, the Region had an estimated 3.4 million people living with HIV (PLHIV) of whom around 1.7 million were eligible for treatment according to the latest WHO criteria (a CD4 count of under 350). Of those eligible, 938 000 were reported to be on treatment giving coverage of 54.5%, which is less than the global average of 64% for low- and middle-income countries.
The South East Asia Region has achieved notable progress in access to HIV treatment, reduction in new infections and AIDS related deaths. 55% of those needing treatment are getting it. To reach the goal of eliminating new infections and AIDS related deaths we need to scale up HIV testing and counselling. HIV testing is gateway to reducing new infections and AIDS related deaths. Yet, less than half of those infected with the virus know their status in the Region. To scale up testing and treatment for HIV, we need to address stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV.