Metrics for monitoring the cascade of HIV testing, care and treatment services in Asia and the Pacific
HIV programmes in countries are facing major challenges in reducing the leakages of cascade of HIV services, particularly the loss to follow up from HIV testing to care and antiretroviral treatment. It is imperative that the cascade of HIV services be improved, linkages from services strengthened and loss to follow reduced.
WHO Regional Offices for the Western Pacific and South East Asia developed a Metrics for Monitoring the Cascade of HIV Testing, Care and Treatment Services in Asia and the Pacific, together with technical partners including the Centres for Diseases Control and Prevention, the United States Agency for International Aid.
This guidance document provide practical guidance on a minimum number of indicators to assess and monitor the cascade of HIV testing, care and treatment services, including TB/HIV co-infections, and prevention of mother to child transmissions services. It also provides step by step guidance on ways to present, analyse and use the data for programme improvement.
Despite progress in terms of HIV prevention interventions and access to antiretroviral therapy in the Member States of the South-East Asia Region, significant challenges remain for sustainable HIV prevention and control programmes. Gains over the past three decades have been threatened by dwindling donor interests and resources. There is need for sustaining and accelerating the prevention and treatment efforts to achieve the goals and objectives that WHO and the Member States in our Region have agreed to when they endorsed the Regional Strategy on Health Sector Response to HIV in September 2011.
HIV/AIDS in the South-East Asia Region
Progress towards MDG 6A, 2012
Dedicated efforts, initiatives and innovations within Member States of the WHO South-East Asia Region have paved the way to attain the MDG on HIV. While much has been accomplished, more needs to be done and done fast to achieve the millennium development goal on HIV.
Report of the Regional workshop on improving HIV treatment
The South-East Asia Region of the World Health Organization (WHO) has the second highest burden of HIV after the African Region. As of 2012, the Region had an estimated 3.4 million people living with HIV (PLHIV) of whom around 1.7 million were eligible for treatment according to the latest WHO criteria (a CD4 count of under 350). Of those eligible, 938 000 were reported to be on treatment giving coverage of 54.5%, which is less than the global average of 64% for low- and middle-income countries.