Leprosy

Leprosy situation in 2012

Regional situation

Registered prevalence: the total number of cases registered at the end of 2012 in all Member States of the Region was 125,171 accounted for registered prevalence rate of 0.68/10,000 population which was below the elimination rate of less than 1 per 10,000 population.

New case detection: the total number of new cases detected during 2012 in all Member States of the Region was 166,445 accounted for registered prevalence rate of 9.08/100,000 population

Among new cases detected during the reporting year, 16,337 (9.82%) cases were children below 15 years of age; and 62,053 (37.28%) were women.

8,012 among new cases were with visible deformities (Grade 2 disability)

Situation analysis

  • The increase in new cases detected during the reporting year was very likely due to the high commitment from Member States in the Region to enhance the efforts in finding new cases particularly in hard to reach areas/communities. In India and Indonesia, for example, WHO supported the training of health workers in the remote health facilities and advocacy at state/province and districts levels ;
  • Consequently, there was an increase in the number of registered prevalence at the end of 2012. However, the registered prevalence rates at the country level as well as regional level were maintained below the elimination rate;
  • As intensification occurred, the number of Grade 2 Disability went up only slightly as more cases were detected in their early stage. As per these data, it is not possible to precisely predict whether the programme is on track to achieve the target of reducing by 35% the G2D rate from the baseline 2010.
  • Child cases remain at the same level as compared to the last 5 years in most countries.

Leprosy Country Data for 2012


Country Registered Prevalence New Case Detection Grade 2 disability New Cases - Child New Cases - Female Relapses
Bangladesh 3,459 3,688 423 191 1410 16
Bhutan 29 18 4 3 5 4
India 91,743 134,752 4,650 13387 50828 697
Indonesia 22,390 18,994 2,131 2191 6667 194
Maldives 7 7 0 0 3 0
Myanmar 2,680 3,013 503 155 965 16
Nepal 2,612 3,492 111 231 1120 17
Sri Lanka 1,625 2,191 148 163 947 11
Thailand 555 220 38 9 90 5
Timor-Leste 71 70 4 7 18 2
Share