Malaria control and elimination efforts need to focus on P. vivax malaria, believed to be less fatal, but now contributing to a large proportion of global malaria burden, mainly in the WHO South-East Asia Region.
WHO technical brief on P vivax malaria provides information on the ways to address the challenges posed by vivax malaria that is responsible for up to 15% malaria deaths outside of Africa.
More than a third of the world’s population, mostly in Asia and Latin America, is at risk of P. vivax malaria.
World Malaria Day, 2014 “Invest in the future: Defeat malaria”
World Malaria Day is an opportunity to highlight progress, needs and challenges in malaria control. More than 1.3 billion people in the Region live in areas at risk of malaria, and 10 of the 11 Member States are endemic for the disease. However, in the South East-Asia Region, significant progress has been achieved in malaria control.
The World Malaria Report 2012 summarizes information received from 104 malaria-endemic countries and other sources, and updates the analyses presented in the 2011 report. It highlights the progress made towards the global malaria targets set for 2015 and describes current challenges for global malaria control and elimination.
During 2000-2011, the confirmed malaria cases declined by 24% whereas malaria deaths declined by 68% in SEA Region. Out of 10 endemic countries of the Region, confirmed cases declined in 8 countries out of which in 3 countries have registered more than 75% decline namely, Sri Lanka (99.9%), Bhutan (96.1%), DPRK (77.3%), in 3 countries have registered more than 50% decline namely, Thailand (69.5%) , Nepal (55.3%) and Timor Leste (50%) Timor Leste data was compared). India has registered a decline of 35% and Bangladesh could able to manage 7% decline (Fig. 4).
Facts and features
Malaria Unit World Health Organization
Regional Office for South-East Asia Indraprashtha Estate
Mahatma Gandhi Marg
New Delhi 110 002 India
Tel: +91 11 2337 0804
Fax: +91 11 2337 8510