NCD and Tobacco Surveillance

India – Global Adult Tobacco Survey 2016-17 report released

India - GATS 2

266.8 million (28.6%) of adults (15+) currently use a tobacco product.

Every fifth adult currently uses smokeless tobacco and every 10th adult currently smokes tobacco.

Khaini (tobacco-lime mixture)—used by 104 million (11.2%) is the most commonly used product followed by bidi (smoked tobacco) used by 72 million (7.7%) Indian adults.

Bhutan – Global school-based student health survey (GSHS) 2016

Bhutan GSHS 2016

Among school-going adolescents (13-17 years)

One-fourth currently smoke cigarettes. Similar proportion of students drink alcohol.

Two-thirds use betel nut.

About a quarter reported being bullied one or more times in the last 30 days.

Timor-Leste – Global school-based student health survey (GSHS) 2015

Timor-Leste GSHS 2015

Among school-going adolescents (13-17 years)

11.1% reported going hungry most of times or always

27.6% currently use tobacco

15.7% currently use alcohol

283% reported being bullied in school on one or more days

Thailand – Global school-based student health survey (GSHS) 2015

Thailand GSHS 2015

Among school-going adolescents (13-17 years):

17.1% were overweight

10.4% smoked cigarettes on one or more days in past 30 days

22.2% drank alcohol on one or more days in the past 30 days

13.0% attempted suicide one or more times in past 12 months

Maldives – Global school-based student health survey (GSHS) 2014

Maldives GSHS 2014

Among school-going adolescents (13-17 years):

13.9% used tobacco

6.3% used drugs such as marijuana, heroin, amphetamines, cocaine, or ecstasy

13.3% seriously considered attempting suicide

28.5% were involved in a physical fight.

Tobacco and cardiovascular diseases in Bangladesh

41.3 million Tobacco users

Tobacco kills 161 253 people each year
(19% of all deaths)

66 749 or 41% of tobacco related deaths
caused by cardiovascular diseases

Tobacco and cardiovascular diseases in India

266.8 million Tobacco users

Tobacco kills 1 000 000 people each year
(9.5% of all deaths)

449 844 or 48% of tobacco related deaths
caused by cardiovascular diseases

Nepal – Global school-based student health survey (GSHS) 2013

STEPS_Nepal_2013

Among school-going adolescents (13-17 years):

11.0%were underweight and 6.1% were overweight

49.7% were not physically active for at least 60 minutes on any of the days in the last 7 days

51% reported being bullied one or more times in the last 30 days

Tobacco and Cardiovascular diseases


NCD prevention and control is a regional and a national priority in South-East Asia.

Timely and quality NCD surveillance systems are critical for informed NCD polices and programs and ensuring efficient use of limited resources available. Member States are also required to report regularly the progress on key indicators to the UN General Assembly both as part of specific global commitments for NCD control and prevention and as part of recently endorsed Sustainable Development Goals.

WHO supports member states in strengthening national health information systems to incorporate NCD data and information needs. It provides technical assistance to develop holistic NCD (including tobacco) surveillance and Monitoring Frameworks and roadmaps as part of national multisectoral action plans for prevention and control of NCDs. It also support its member states to select and define key monitoring indicators given their program context, and implementing key surveillance activities such as organization of periodic population based surveys, strengthening CRVS systems to generate better NCD mortality data.

Key components of NCD surveillance systems including monitoring of: