Noncommunicable diseases

Publications

Highlighted Publications and Meeting Reports

Noncommunicable diseases risk behaviours among youth in the South-East Asia Region: findings from GSHS and GYTS

The publication conveys the quantitative surveillance results focusing on tobacco use and noncommunicable disease related behaviours among youth (13–15 years) in Member States of the WHO South-East Asia Region. Publication contains selected indicators relating to tobacco use, dietary behaviours, physical activity, alcohol use, drug use, mental health, violence and unintentional injury, sexual behaviours, protective factors and hygiene.

Noncommunicable diseases risk behaviours among adults in the South-East Asia Region: Findings from STEPS and GATS

This publication conveys the most recent quantitative surveillance results focusing on noncommunicable disease -related risk behaviours among adults from the WHO STEPwise approach to NCD risk factor surveillance (STEPS) and tobacco use among adults from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) in Member States of the WHO South-East Asia Region. Publication contains selected indicators relating to tobacco use other indicators relating to risk behaviours (history– dietary behaviours, physical activity, alcohol use, cervical cancer screening; physical measurements – body mass index, blood pressure, waist circumference; biochemical measurements – fasting blood glucose level, blood glucose level 2 hours after glucose load, total blood cholesterol, urine sodium and urine creatinine) are taken from STEPS.

Approaches to establishing country-level, multisectoral coordination mechanisms for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases

The determinants and implications of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are spread across diverse sectors within and outside the government. This calls for Member States to set up multisectoral coordination mechanisms that offer a synergistic response to these diseases and their risk factors. An analysis of experiences of countries of the WHO South-East Asia Region in addressing various health and similar challenges brings to the fore five key elements that are integral to an effective multisectoral coordination mechanism for NCDs, and five strategies to enhance the engagement of relevant sectors in such a coordination mechanism. The 5x5 approach presented in this document can guide governments in their efforts to set up effective coordination mechanisms for NCDs at the national and subnational levels.

Strengthening NCD Civil Society Organizations

Noncommunicable diseases are the major cause of morbidity mortality in the WHO South-East Asia Region. The Political Declaration of the United Nations High-Level Meeting on the prevention and control of NCDs in 2011 recognized the important role that civil society and other relevant stakeholders play in supporting national efforts at prevention and control. The WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia, in collaboration with the NCD Alliance, organized a two-day regional meeting on Strengthening NCD Civil Society Organizations in the WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia in New Delhi, India on 9–10 July 2015. The meeting was attended by 94 participants, and aimed to stimulate a stronger civil society movement for the prevention and control of NCDs in the Region. This report presents the deliberations and recommendations of the participants of the regional meeting.

Global Status Report on Noncommunicable Diseases 2014

This global status report on prevention and control of NCDs (2014), is framed around the nine voluntary global targets. The report provides data on the current situation, identifying bottlenecks as well as opportunities and priority actions for attaining the targets. The 2010 baseline estimates on NCD mortality and risk factors are provided so that countries can report on progress, starting in 2015. In addition, the report also provides the latest available estimates on NCD mortality (2012) and risk factors, 2010-2012.

Multisectoral Policies for Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases in the South-East Asia Region

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are currently the leading cause of preventable death and disability worldwide and in the South-East Asia Region. As the origins of NCDs lie outside the health arena, tackling NCDs requires multisectoral co-operation cutting across several sectors. To promote and catalyse national multisectoral partnerships and actions for prevention and control of NCDs, the WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia convened a Regional Consultation on Multisectoral Policies for Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs) during 18–20 August 2014, in Bengaluru, India. The consultation was attended by 99 participants represented by delegates from the 11 Member States of the Region; NGOs; partners including UN agencies, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and WHO staff from HQ, country offices and the regional office. The purpose of the meeting was to provide a forum to share best practices from within the Region and around the world and to discuss multisectoral policies for reducing tobacco use, promoting healthy nutrition, driving innovations in NCD prevention and care and fostering an enabling environment for reducing the burden of NCDs. This report presents the technical deliberations and recommendations of the participants of the regional meeting.

Action plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases in South-East Asia, 2013-2020

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of death globally and in the South-East Asia Region. The global action plan for prevention and control of NCDs 2013–2020, including a comprehensive monitoring framework with 25 indicators and 9 voluntary global targets, was endorsed by the Sixty-sixth World Health Assembly in May 2013. This action plan for prevention and control of NCDs in South-East Asia, 2013-2020 provides a roadmap for regional and national actions for developing and implementing policies and programmes to reduce the burden of NCDs within the regional socioeconomic, cultural, political and health system contexts. The regional NCD action plan is consistent with the global action plan and consolidates follow-up actions of the Political Declaration of the UN High-level Meeting on NCDs.

Strategy for oral health in South-East Asia, 2013-2020

Oral diseases are among the most common chronic diseases worldwide and constitute a major public health problem due to the huge health and economic burden on individuals, families, societies, and health care systems. The recent emphasis on the role of determinants of health, common risk factors and their recognition in the context of the growing burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) provides good opportunities for integrating oral health into NCD prevention and control efforts. This Strategy for oral health in South-East Asia, 2013-2020, presents guidance to Member States in developing national policy and action plans to improve oral health within existing socioeconomic, cultural, political and health system contexts, fully in line and integrated with planning for prevention and control of NCDs.

Regional Publications and Meeting Reports

List of WHO/HQ publications on NCD

Other important publications