Lead-free kids for a healthy future
WHO has identified lead as one of ten chemicals of major public health concern, needing action by Member States to protect the health of workers, children and women of reproductive age. The first International lead poisoning prevention week of action will be observed 21-26 October 2013.
Lead is a naturally occurring toxic metal found in the Earth’s crust. Its widespread use has resulted in extensive environmental contamination, human exposure and significant public health problems in many parts of the world. Almost half the global burden of disease from lead poisoning occurs in South-East Asia.
A new electronic distance learning tool on risk assessment and risk management was today officially launched by Professor Dr Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn Mahidol, President of the Chulabhorn Research Institute on the occasion of a visit to the World Health Organization’s Regional Office for South-East Asia in New Delhi.
The WHO document “Health implications from the monocrotophos use: a review of the evidence in India” was published by WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia (WHO SEARO) in 2009. The publication is designed to provide health policy-makers with technical information needed for urgent action to reduce the availability of and the demand for highly hazardous pesticides.
This document was revised on 24 July 2013, to correct an error on page 7.
One of WHO's function which is enshrined in its Constitution (art.2.i.), is to promote the improvement of working conditions. In this regard the World Health Assembly endorsed the WHO Global Plan of Action on Workers' Health (GPA) (2008-2017) in 2007 which is a follow up of the WHO Global Strategy on Occupational Health for All endorsed by the World Health Assembly in 1996.
Overview of occupational health
Occupational health deals with all aspects of health and safety in the workplace and has a strong focus on primary prevention of hazards. The health of the workers has several determinants, including risk factors at the workplace leading to cancers, accidents, musculoskeletal diseases, respiratory diseases, hearing loss, circulatory diseases, stress related disorders and communicable diseases and others.
Employment and working conditions in the formal or informal economy embrace other important determinants, including, working hours, salary, workplace policies concerning maternity leave, health promotion and protection provisions, etc.