Measles and Rubella elimination
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease, which affects mostly children. It is transmitted via droplets from the nose, mouth or throat of infected persons. Initial symptoms, which usually appear 10–12 days after infection, include high fever, runny nose, bloodshot eyes, and tiny white spots on the inside of the mouth. Several days later, a rash develops, starting on the face and upper neck and gradually spreading downwards.
Rubella is an acute, usually mild exanthematous fever affecting susceptible children and young adults worldwide. Its public health importance is due mainly to the teratogenic potential of the virus.
There is no specific treatment for both measles and rubella, most people recover within 2–3 weeks. However, particularly in malnourished children and people with reduced immunity, measles can cause serious complications, including blindness, encephalitis, severe diarrhoea, ear infection and pneumonia. Measles and rubella can be prevented by immunization.