International Health Regulations
Ensuring the implementation of International Health Regulations (IHRs) and compliance with similar global commitments such as trade and health, both for ensuring safety in all exported products that can affect health, and for mitigating possible negative effects of trade on the health of the population.
All relevant norms should be aligned with the corresponding IHR and international commitments related to key determinants of health. This will ensure that providing food safety, improving water and sanitation, preventing and preparing for as well as responding to disease outbreaks (including emerging and re-emerging diseases) and other public health threats (caused by multiple hazards of natural, accidental or intentional origin such as chemical, radio-nuclear, biological and other risks) with direct implications for IHR is higher in the policy agenda of the country and is discharged through inter-sectoral actions.
Health statistics should also be adapted to IHR requirements. In particular, mechanisms will be built to register and analyse the BoD (e.g. diarrhoeal diseases, TB and HIV) bearing in mind there are worries about completeness of information. The opportunity will be taken to improve death certification and related statistics; the Sample Registration System will need to be refined, since independent evaluation suggests that the system only captures about 85% of deaths.
Knowledge on international trade and health issues, including trade negotiation processes and mechanisms related to health should be promoted through multi-stakeholder collaboration and ownership while fostering South-South and Triangular Cooperation. Capacity needs to be built and networks strengthened to ensure full credibility in the international health scene while providing constructive inputs to international fora, making India’s expertise available to the rest of the world.