National Certification Committee for Polio Eradication (NCCPE)
Certification of polio eradication of a WHO Region is considered when all countries in that Region demonstrate the absence of wild polio virus transmission for at least three consecutive years in the presence of certification standard surveillance and on completion of phase 1 of laboratory containment activities for wild poliovirus.
Certification is done for WHO Regions and not for individual countries. Out of the six WHO Regions, four Regions of Americas, Western Pacific, Europe and South-East Asia Region (SEAR) have been certified polio free.
The National Certification Committee for Poliomyelitis Eradication (NCCPE) is an independent body established by the Government of India in 1998. The committee examines and verifies the polio situation in the country and the quality of surveillance activities for polio. The NCCPE submitted its recommendations in the form of country report to the Regional Certification Commission (SEA-RCCPE), which reviewed reports from all 11 Member States of the Region before certifying the Region polio-free on 27 March 2014.
NCCPE Members, India
Chairman: Shri P K Umashankar (Retired IAS; Former Secretary, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India)
Dr K Banerjee (Former Director, National Institute of Virology, Pune)
Dr E G P Haran (Independent Consultant, Immunization and Polio Eradication)
Dr V M Katoch (Secretary, Department of Health Research and Director General, Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi)
Coordinator: Dr N K Arora (Former Professor of Pediatrics, AIIMS and Executive Director, The INCLEN Trust International and CHNRI, New Delhi
The region will still have to maintain certification standard surveillance and population immunity until global eradication is achieved and even beyond. The NCCPE will continue to annually review the situation in the country and provide annual updates to the SEA-RCCPE till global certification is achieved.