Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bite of anopheles mosquitoes or infected mosquitoes. There were about 207 million malaria cases globally in 2012, resulting in over 600 000 deaths.

WHO estimates that India accounts for 75% of all malaria cases in South-East Asia. About 95% of the Indian population resides in malaria endemic areas; 80% of malaria reported in the country is confined to areas where 20% of population resides - in tribal, hilly, hard-to-reach or inaccessible areas. Malaria in India is particularly entrenched in low-income rural areas of eastern and north-eastern states, but important foci are also present in the central and more arid western parts of the country.