Measles

Dr Ujjwal Sinha/WHO India

Measles is a highly infectious acute viral disease for which no specific treatment is available. It is a leading cause of childhood mortality among the vaccine preventable diseases in India. Measles spreads through respiratory route via aerosol droplets from infected persons. Usual symptoms that appear after 10–12 days of infection include high fever and skin rashes along with cough, runny nose and red eyes. Most people recover within 2-3 weeks. However, measles can cause serious complications like ear infection, blindness, encephalitis, diarrhea, pneumonia and death due to these complications.

India accounts for a significant proportion of measles related deaths in the world. Measles can be prevented by vaccination with a safe and effective vaccine provided free of cost to each child under the universal immunization program across the country.