Road safety and injury prevention
A road traffic injury is a fatal or non-fatal injury incurred as a result of a collision involving at least one moving vehicle.
India accounts for about 10% of road crash fatalities worldwide. In terms of absolute numbers more people die in road crashes in India than anywhere else in the world, including the more populous China.
Estimated road traffic death rate per 100 000 populations in India has increased from 16.8 in 2009 to 18.9 in 2013. This estimate is much higher than the rate in high income countries (8.7 per 100 000) and middle income neighbouring countries viz. Indonesia (17.70), Pakistan (17.4), Nepal (16.0), Myanmar (15.0), Sri Lanka (13.7), Bhutan (13.2), Mauritius (12.2) and Bangladesh (11.6).
As per the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) for the year 2011, there were a total number of 440 123 road accidents resulting in the death of 136 834 people. Over the last decade the incidence of accidental deaths has witnessed an increasing trend with an increase of 44.2% for the year 2011 as compared to 2001. This figure translates into one death on the Indian roads every five minutes and is expected to escalate to one death every three minutes by 2020.
To create awareness about drunken driving, a pilot mass media campaign was undertaken in Hyderabad and Jalandhar in 2011 and 2012 covering radio, television, print and outdoors.
- Guidelines- Advocating for road safety and road traffic injury victims: a guide for nongovernmental organizations (2012)
- Pedestrian safety: a road safety manual for decision-makers and practitioners(2013)
- Data systems: a road safety manual for decision-makers and practitioners (2010)
Speed management: a road safety manual for decision-makers and practitioners (2008)
- Drinking and driving: a road safety manual for decision-makers and practitioners (2007)
- Road Traffic Injury Prevention Training Manual (2006)
- Helmets: a road safety manual for decision-makers and practitioners (2006)
- Strengthening Road Safety Legislation
- Global status report on road safety 2013
- Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020
- Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020
- World report on child injury prevention
- Preventing injuries and violence: A guide for Ministries of Health
- World report on road traffic injury prevention (2004)
- Youth & Road safety
- Mobile phone use: a growing problem of driver distraction (2011)
- Global status report on road safety 2009.
- Make Walking Safe: a brief overview of pedestrian safety around the world (2013)
- World report on violence and health
- Saving millions of lives (2011)
- Ministry of Health & Family Welfare
- Global Road Safety Partnership
- Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
- ASIRT, Association of Safe International Road Travel
- EMBARQ, WRI Center for Sustainable Transport
- World Bank, Global Road Safety Facility
- WHO Collaborating Center- Transportation Research and Injury Prevention Programme (TRIPP), India Institute of Technology, Delhi