Suicide is an emerging and a serious public health issue in India but preventable with timely, evidence-based and often low-cost interventions. The most vulnerable and affected age group is between 15-29 years.
The suicide mortality rate per 100 000 population in 2015 is 15.7; the global average is 10.7 per 100 000. For the national responses to be effective, a comprehensive suicide prevention strategy within the framework of the National Mental Health Policy of India 2014 is imperative. The National Mental Health Programme of India aims at ensuring availability and accessibility of quality mental healthcare for all at the primary health care level.
The Mental Healthcare Act 2017 decriminalizes the attempt to commit suicide, assuring adequate medical relief to those who attempt suicide, thus protecting them from the harsh aftermath.
It would also be important to further strengthen outreach components like life skills training and counselling in school and colleges, workplace stress management and suicide prevention services.