A 6.5 magnitude earthquake hit Aceh around 5 in the morning, local time, on Wednesday 7 December 2016. In addition to 102 deaths and 140 severely injured victims, more than 80 thousands people are still living in temporary camps. WHO had its team on the ground to work with the Ministry of Health and local government on the first response
In 2005, Indonesia was ranked 7th most hit country by natural disasters. In May 2010, Maplecroft released the Natural Disaster Risk Index (NDRI), putting Indonesia at number 2 in the disaster-prone countries. In the last 7 years (2004-2010) 236 359 people died, 929 276 people were injured and almost 5 million were rendered IDP due to disasters. The disaster profile in Indonesia shows that different types of natural disasters occur according to the geographical distinctions, the most common that affect the people’s lives are flood, landslide, volcanoes and earthquakes. It is therefore, important that the humanitarian agencies in the country sustain their capacity to respond in an effective and timely manner when emergencies occur. The effective response is also influenced by the level of preparedness and planning of the agencies.
The collaboration period between Crisis Centre-MOH and WHO has been developed for more than 8 years. This started since 2002, when Crisis Center MOH was first established. Later in 2004, Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPR) Programme was developed and in 2008, it was upgraded into Disaster Risk reduction Programme for Health Sector (DRR-PHS). MOH and WHO had conducted different types of activities relating to DRR area of work such as capacity building, preparedness, response, recovery, rehabilitation, as well as standardizing, planning and managing programme activities.
Center for Health Crisis Management, Ministry of Health as WHO Collaborating Center for Training and Research in Disaster Management in collaboration with universities in Indonesia as one of compenent of regional crisis center, and WHO Indonesia, through a lot of efforts, has made the preparation to make Indonesia the best learning ground on disaster risk reduction management by establishing the International Training Consortium on Disaster Risk Reduction (ITC-DRR) to build up the capacity of human resources around the world.