WHO’s support to the government of the Maldives in all aspects of health has led to many historic achievements : sustained control of communicable diseases including eradication of malaria, controlling lymphatic filariasis and many vaccine preventable diseases, including of polio.

The march to elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis, a mosquito-borne disease, is significant as it was once endemic in 25 islands. With WHO’s assistance and suitable measures by the government such as systematic case detection, treatment and mosuito control ,and finally implementation of Mass Drug Administration (MDA) in 2004, microfilaria rate declined from 18.5% in 1951 to zero by 2009.

Maldives has made substantial progress in health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In MDG 4, infant mortality rates have declined considerably since 1990. In MDG 5 – on maternal health –births attended by skilled health personnel has increased to 99%. In MDG 6 there is fewer incidence, prevalence and death due to tuberculosis. Although the Maldives is a low HIV prevalent country, the government has directed efforts to reduce risk behaviours, prevent spread of the disease and improve access to testing, counselling and treatment services.