Maldives is currently experiencing an increase in respiratory infections which include cases of influenza. The routine influenza surveillance system has shown about 73 cases of Influenza A (H1N1) as of 21st May 2018. In the Maldives, 4000-5000 number of Acute Respiratory Tract Infections (ARI) are reported weekly. Confirmatory tests for Influenza were undertaken,180 samples were tested, amongst which 73 were positive for Influenza A (40%) and 1 for Influenza B. H3N2 is the predominant strain reported amongst samples subtypes.
After the 2009 influenza pandemic, Maldives also experienced an Influenza outbreak during March 2017. Very young children, the pregnant, the elderly and those with certain preexisting conditions such as lung disease can sometimes are at higher risk for severe disease or complications.
The Health Protection Agency of the Ministry of Health Maldives, has issued a media statement alerting public of the rising number of fever cases. HPA and WHO are disseminating awareness messages on how to prevent and protect against Influenza, Dengue and Diarrhoea.