Prevention and control of Communicable Diseases


Providing technical assistance to the National AIDS Programme (NAP) in its efforts to prevent HIV infection and provide comprehensive care and support to people living with HIV-AIDS (PLHA) including:

  • Supporting the development of HIV-AIDS related policies;
  • Supporting the development of human resources capacity building through local and international training of health and other staff on sexually transmitted infections (STI) management, HIV clinical management, targeted condom promotion program, HIV testing and counselling, laboratory support to blood safety and quality control for HIV testing;
  • Supporting the NAP efforts for scaling up care and support to PLHA through the implementation of a comprehensive package of care and support including voluntary confidential counselling and testing (VCCT), anti-retroviral therapy (ART) implementation, opportunistic infection control and prevention and community and home base care for PLHA;
  • Implementing TB-HIV joint programme efforts.
  • Technical support provided to the substance abuse control project of the Department of Health for the piloting and expansion of methadone substitution programme for injecting drug users.
  • Advocacy, raising commitment for HIV-AIDS prevention and control and resource mobilization including TB-HIV joint efforts.
  • Organizing and assisting external reviews of the various HIV-AIDS related projects.
  • Strengthening and facilitating partnership with other national and international stakeholders for HIV-AIDS prevention and control.
  • Providing logistic support including the procurement of laboratory equipment, drugs and other commodities.
  • Providing technical assistance in monitoring and evaluation and quality assurance including tools and implementation of external quality assessment for HIV serology (EQAS) in public health laboratories.

TB-HIV co-infection

To address the burden of TB-HIV, the national AIDS and Tuberculosis programmes in the Ministry of Health & Sports are responding jointly to TB and HIV diseases, with the support of partners. Myanmar has made impressive progress in addressing both diseases. At the same time, despite progress, Myanmar is still considered ‘high burden’ for TB and HIV and has a high rate of TB-HIV co-infections.

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Progress in HIV/AIDS

Myanmar is one of 35 fast track priority countries that account for 90% of new HIV infections globally. In 2017 at country level, 224,026 people are reported living with HIV, representing 0.57% prevalence. Given the nature of modes of transmission across the country, HIV prevalence and affected populations are different among states and regions.

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Launching the New HIV/AIDS National Strategic Plan

“Please read this plan 10 times. All of us must work together to translate this strategy into action”, HE Dr Myint Htwe, Union Minister for Health and Sports, said during the launching ceremony of the National Strategic Plan HIV/AIDS 2016-2020 on 17th May 2017. Myanmar is one of the 35 countries accounting for 90% of new HIV infections globally. The plan aims to achieve the 90–90–90 targets by 2020;...

WHO and UNAIDS conduct a review of HIV and TB collaborative activities in Myanmar together with the Ministry of Health

In January 2016 the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS carried out an in-depth review of the current status of Tuberculosis and HIV in Myanmar and of the collaborative activities implemented to address these diseases. The review was conducted in close collaboration with the National Tuberculosis and AIDS Programmes of the Ministry of Health, and with financial support from USAID and the Global Fund against AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.