Prevention and control of Communicable Diseases


EPI and Polio

Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance system for polio eradication was established in 1996 in Myanmar. There are seventeen regional surveillance officers in each state and division and three coordinators with support staff in centre. Measles and neonatal tetanus surveillance was integrated with AFP surveillance in 1999.
Expanded programme on immunization (EPI) and polio eradication network assists the Ministry of Health in:


  • assisting in AFP surveillance which includes reporting, investigation, and sample collection, transportation of sample to lab in Yangon and follow-up of all AFP cases.
  • assisting in reporting, investigation, sample collection, transportation of sample to lab of all measles outbreaks.
  • assisting in reporting and investigation of neonatal tetanus cases.
  • assisting in investigation of other vaccine preventable disease outbreaks.
  • assisting in surveillance of avian influenza.
  • assisting in capacity building of health staff through trainings and workshop locally and abroad.


  • assisting in planning, training, supervision and monitoring, logistic support and financial support in conduction of supplementary immunization activities.
  • assisting in development of training materials, guidelines, plan of action, trainings, supervision and monitoring, technical support in strengthening routine immunization.
  • assisting in planning, implementation, training, development of guideline, training materials, supervision and monitoring of measles and tetanus campaigns.
  • assisting in vaccine management.
  • assisting in measles mortality reduction.

Hepatitis in Myanmar

Among South-East Asia Region countries, Myanmar is the first country to provide hepatitis C treatment free of charge in the public sector. Three years after the National Hepatitis Control Programme was established, the hepatitis C treatment was started in seven public hospitals since 2017. To date, 2,089 patients were reported successfully treated by the programme.

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Japanese Encephalitis vaccination campaign achievement

The Ministry of Health and Sports with the support from development partners, WHO, UNICEF, GAVI and PATH, launched nationwide Japanese Encephalitis vaccination campaign in the last quarter of 2017. It was the second largest public health intervention in Myanmar after measles rubella vaccination campaign in 2015.

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Japanese Encephalitis Vaccination Campaign in November and December 2017, Myanmar

Japanese Encephalitis (JE) is an important public health problem in South East Asia and the Pacific. In Myanmar, the national Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) with the support of WHO and UNICEF is introducing JE vaccine routinely from 2018. Prior to this, a nationwide catch-up vaccination campaign is targeting 14 million children (9 months to 15 years) during November and December 2017 with the support of GAVI funds. This approach is expected to provide high immunity against JE before incorporation of JE vaccines into the national routine immunization schedule. Both campaign and routine programmes will use WHO prequalified (SA 14-14-2) JE vaccine.

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