Areas of Work
The World Health Organization and the Government of Nepal have been working closely to improve the health of the people of Nepal for many years. The Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS) provides a basis for all possible collaborations, including in-depth analysis of the strengths, opportunities, gaps and challenges, taking into account the strategic objectives of the Nepal Health Sector Strategic Plan 2011–2016 of the Ministry of Health and Population, while detailing how WHO will support the implementation of national health development strategies.
In recent years, Nepal has been able to improve the health condition of the people. During the past CCS period (2006–2011) the country was able to receive at least three international recognitions through the 2012 Resolve Award, the 2010 MDG 5 award, and the 2009 GAVI Alliance award. There are noticeable improvements in terms of capacities of health institutions, Government strategies and capacities by private sector health-care providers in specialized services through medical college hospitals. Nepal is, however, prone to emerging infectious diseases (for example influenza, or dengue and other vector-borne diseases) and the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCD) are gradually becoming an added challenge to the health-care system of the country. The recent CCS (2013-2017) articulates WHO strategies for cooperation with the Member State at country level and is based on a series of concerted, multi-sectoral meetings and consultations with a range of different stakeholders in the Nepalese health sector, including sister United Nations agencies, bilateral and multilateral development partners, civil society, academia, nongovernmental organizations.
The six strategic priorities identified for WHO cooperation during 2013-2017 are as follows:
- I. Achieving communicable diseases control targets.
- II. Controlling and reversing the growing burden of non-communicable disease.
- III. Promoting health over the life-cycle focusing on interventions for underprivileged and vulnerable populations.
- IV. Strengthening health systems within the revitalized primary health care approach and support policy dialogue on health policies, strategies and plans for universal health coverage.
- V. Reducing the health consequences of disasters.
- VI. Addressing environmental determinants of health.
Beyond the six strategic priorities WHO will continue to address other important public health challenges in Nepal that do not fall within the priority areas as part of WHO’s collaboration. Collaborative work in these areas will be planned in a biennium to- biennium mode through negotiation between WHO, national authorities and relevant stakeholders.