Antimicrobial resistance is the ability of a microorganism (like bacteria, viruses, and some parasites) to stop an antimicrobial (such as antibiotics, antivirals and antimalarials) from working against it. As a result, standard treatments become ineffective, infections persist and may spread to others. Antimicrobial resistance is putting the gains of the Millennium Development Goals at risk and endangers achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.
A Global Action Plan (GAP) on antimicrobial resistance was adopted by Member States at the Sixty-eighth World Health Assembly and supported by the governing bodies of FAO and OIE in May and June 2015. In the South East Asia Region, as early as 2011, the Health Ministers of this Region recognized the seriousness of AMR and adopted the Jaipur Declaration on Antimicrobial Resistance. It was an important and foresighted step to promote, at the highest level, awareness about the problem of AMR and to stimulate concerted efforts to tackle it. In 2017 countries of South East Asia Region finalizing the National Action Plan in line with the Global Action Plan.